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Dentistry in Charlotte involves study, prevention, diagnosis, and how to correct disorders and treat diseases of the oral cavity and related tissues; and structures in the maxillofacial area. Dentistry involves a wide area including procedures and practices that are done by the surgeons. In this article, we will discuss various kinds of dentistry and their importance.

1. Preventative Dentistry

This is oral care involving treatment, education, and practices that maintain the gums and teeth. Daily brushing and flossing, annual cleanings and the dental check-ups are all practices that aim at preventing cavities, gum disease, enamelware or any other dental illness.

Common Preventative Dentistry Practices

Most of the procedures take place on a single appointment for both the old and young patients. The patient is examined by the dentist to check dental decay using the x-ray images or the oral exams. After that, the dentist can recommend teeth cleaning to prevent gum diseases or cavities. The dentist could, however, give you more appointments depending on the condition of your teeth.

Treatment for Children

Preventative dentistry is essential to children because their teeth are very delicate. It is important to get early cleanings and exams before the bacteria have built up to avoid future decay. Charlotte dentists can use sealants to cover the permanent molars of children to prevent them from decaying. Children could also undergo orthodontics whereby they will wear braces to avoid misalignment of the teeth as the jaws develop.

Goals of Preventative Dentistry

This type of dentistry helps the patient to keep their gums healthy, get rid of cavities, sensitivity, and other oral diseases. Early detection of gum diseases or cavities can be dealt with and treated to give the patient a lifetime bright smile.

2. Special Needs Dentistry

Both the adults and children with special needs benefit a lot from visiting a dentist. The dentists attending to them have to have additional training to enhance their services. When looking for a dental specialist, these individuals should take those that can accommodate and solve their problems and has adequate knowledge. There are several types of conditions in children with special needs and these are;

i. Tooth Eruptions

This could be inconsistent, delayed or accelerated in children who have growth disturbances. Their gums may look purple- bluish or red before the tooth erupting has broken through into their mouths. The eruptions may depend on factors such as the growth of the jaw, genetics, or muscular action. Children suffering from Down syndrome can show delays in eruptions for two years.

ii. Malocclusion

This is a condition whereby teeth are poorly fitted between the lower and upper teeth, and crowding of teeth may occur mostly in children with development disabilities. Around 25% of the 80 craniofacial anomalies that affect the oral development are normally associated with mental retardation. Malocclusion is contributed by muscle dysfunction especially to individuals suffering from cerebral palsy. Misaligned or crowded teeth are difficult to clean thus may cause dental caries or the periodontal diseases.

iii. Tooth Anomalies

These are the variations in shape, size, or number of teeth. Individuals with conditions such as oral clefts, Down syndrome, or ectodermal dysplasia could have malformed, extra, or congenitally missing teeth.

iv. Developmental defects

They occur as lines, discoloration or lines in the teeth. Certain medication or high fever can affect tooth formation which can result in effects. Most teeth with defects are likely to have dental caries; they are difficult to clean and could compromise a child’s appearance.

v. Oral trauma

Mouth and face trauma occurs mostly in individuals with seizures, muscle incoordination, mental retardation or abnormal protective reflexes. Close observation should be taken to people getting restorative dental care to ensure that they do not chew on anesthetized regions.

vi. Bruxism

This is a habitual grinding of teeth, and it is common to people with severe mental retardation or cerebral palsy. Bruxism may lead to flat biting surfaces or tooth abrasion in extreme cases.

vii. Oral infections

Tooth decay and dental caries can cause gastro-oesophageal reflux, frequent vomiting, and medications containing sugar, special diets, or less normal amounts in saliva. With poor oral hygiene, the teeth are likely to get carries.

viii. Viral infections

They are normally caused by herpes simplex virus. Children rarely get herpes labialis or herpetic gingivostomatitis before six months. Mostly herpetic gingivostomatitis is common in children though it can occur in young adults and adolescents. The viral infection is mostly accompanied by fever and could be painful.

ix. Gingival overgrowth

This could be caused by side effect of medications like calcium channel blockers, cyclosporine or phenytoin sodium. Poor oral hygiene may cause superimposed infections. Severe overgrowth may cause tooth eruption, appearance, or chewing problems.